The Thru-way Project
I have thought about doing this project for a long time. I finally found time to start it. It was suppose to be a non-load
bearing wall,well; that's the way it looked from the outside of the wall. Once I opened the wall and got a good look at
what I had to work with there it was. A new 2X4 (it was old school a real 2" X 4") had to be custom milled,was nailed to a
old 2X4  that was supporting 2 brand new 2X10's. They did a shotty job of anchoring  the 2X10's they didn't even nail
them to the rafter. I had to make a 1/4 thick metal plate bent like a long N shape with the middle @ 90 degrees, to
support and lag 8" screws through the 2X10 on the side and it bent underneath both for support. It bent again another
90 degrees to hang down so I could lag the support plate to the rafter beam to support the entire area.
I had to relocate the electric to the side of the thru-way, I
relocated the t-stat and the phone line also.
One side was lathe & plaster and one side was sheet rock. It
will be a little harder to blend and install the moulding on the
plaster side. If you cut through the lathe that supports the
plaster you will have lots of cracks if you do not support it,
before you cut and after you cut. I used liquid nails to fill the
gap I left intentionally to support the lathe/plaster.
I used 3 lengths of 2x4's on both sides. I installed 2 king studs
and one jack stud. They  went from the floor to the supporting
joist and used 1/4 steel angle plates to support the 1/4 thick 3
1/2 X 3 1/2 square stock supporting the upper wall.
I used mesh to have something the plaster can grip to so the wide gaps
will disappear when it is finished.
The final coat before primer & paint
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How to Make a Thru-way or Wall Bar
Find a wall suitable and determine if it is a load bearing wall,
You need a professional to determine this. You, next make a
print or a plan,list all the required tools and supplies. Then
mark the position of the opening. When you cut set the blade
for 1/8 thicker than the material your cutting through to avoid
getting any surprises